|The Project FAROS (the Spanish word for lighthouses) will take advantage of the background of experience, good practices and technologies derived from both the human experience, the literature as well as the results obtained in recent studies to give the guidelines to define a global and real-time information system both on board and in land as the core of an efficient and optimal working network of the actors involved in the fishing activity (fishermen and fleets, ports, industry) by taking advantage of the existing synergies between them.
One of the main problems in order to apply valorisation processes and technologies of discards/wastes at an industrial scale was the lack of information concerning availability of raw material, since the inherent characteristics of the fishing activity make it very seasonal and quite unpredictable. Another problem is related to all the logistics of discards and wastes once they are landing, since a well-defined logistic and management network does not exist there, which could allow, for instance, to efficiently determine and deliver an specific amount of raw material (discard/waste) required by a given transformation/valorisation industry where a gap in the demand exists. The Project FAROS will try to go a step further to finish previous work related to the characterisation of discards/wastes and to the definition of valorisation technologies and their pre-industrial application by defining a global network which will imply and interrelate all actors both outland (fleets) as well as inland (ports, transport agents and transformation industries) to efficiently manage the fishing activity, trying to accomplish the “no-discards” policy.
In keeping with this main objective, several goals will be pursued:
1. To attain a better understanding of fish behaviour, avoiding fishing mortality on non valorised species and permit easy found on catches demanded by industry (with subsequent reduction of fuel consumption).
2. To select the target fisheries based in historical analysis of the total catch composition. To analyse the obtained “total catch-métiers” in order to understand their spatial-temporal behaviour, which could be used as base to forecast their catch supply along the year.
3. To develop a complete characterisation of discards on the selected fisheries (based on proposed automated classification, analysis and data collection tools) as potential raw material for different valorisation processes in land.
4. Based in the new scenario, with the new defined unwanted by-catch, to determine different action protocols to minimise that unwanted by-catch.
5. To create a supervisory network for an efficient and integral discards management based on information flows exchanged between fleets and in land agents (offer and demand, respectively).
6. To demonstrate the benefits of the proposed discards management environment.